Climate Change And Its Impact On Bangladesh Pdf
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Climate change and crop farming in Bangladesh: an analysis of economic impacts
Bangladesh is one of the largest deltas in the world which is highly vulnerable to Natural Disasters because of its Geographical location, Flat and low-lying landscape, Population density, Poverty, Illiteracy, Lack of Institutional setup etc.
In other words, the Physical, Social as well as Economic conditions of Bangladesh are very typical to any of the most vulnerable countries to Natural Disasters in the world.
The total land area is , sq. Bangladesh has got a population of around million with a life expectancy at birth of around 63 years, and an adult literacy rate of The recent Human Development Report ranks Bangladesh number of nations. Bangladesh is predominantly Agricultural with two thirds of the population engaged in farming or Agro-based industrial activity mainly. The climate of Bangladesh can be characterized by High temperatures, Heavy rainfall, High humidity, and fairly marked three seasonal variations like Hot Summer, Shrinking Winter and Medium to Heavy Rains during the Rainy season.
Bangladesh experiences different types of Natural Disasters almost every year because of the Global Warming as well as Climate Change impacts, these are:. Extreme Temperature and Drought North and North-western regions of the country are suffering because of the Extreme Temperature problem.
As already mentioned earlier, the economy of Bangladesh is based on Agriculture mainly, with two thirds of the population engaged directly or indirectly on Agricultural activities; although the country is trying move towards industrialization slowly during the last one and a half decade almost. Temperature and Rainfall changes have already affected crop production in many parts of the country and the area of arable land has decreased to a great extent.
The Salinity intrusion in the coastal area is creating a serious implications for the coastal land that were traditionally used for rice production. The fisheries sector has also experienced an adverse affect because of the impacts of Climate Change.
The fisheries sector contributes about 3. There are around species of fish in the country and almost all the varieties are sensitive to specific salt and freshwater conditions. In a high density country like Bangladesh, the effects of Climate Change on the Surface and Ground water resources will be very severe and alarming. Salinity Intrusion from the Bay of Bengal already penetrates kilometers inside the country during the dry season and the Climate Change in its gradual process is likely to deteriorate the existing scenario to a great extent.
Moreover, the Bay of Bengal is located at the tip of the north Indian Ocean, where severe Cyclonic storms as well as long Tidal waves are frequently generated and hit the coast line with severe impacts because of the Shallow as well as Conical shape of the Bay near Bangladesh.
Bangladesh has got a wide diversity of Ecosystems including Mangrove forests at the extreme south of the country. A total of species have been identified there, the most significant is the famous Royal Bengal Tiger. Therefore, Climate Change impacts will have negative effects on the Ecosystem of the Forest recourses in Bangladesh while the Sundarbans is likely to suffer the most.
Cities and Towns situated along the Coastal belt in Bangladesh are at the Front line of Climate Change related Disaster impacts and could experience a severe damage directly because of the Sea level Rise and Storm Surges at any time. Direct impacts may occur through the increased Floods, Drainage congestion and Water logging as well as Infrastructure Damage during extreme events.
The important Urban sectors that suffered severely by the previous floods in Bangladesh include Urban Infrastructure, Industry, Trade, Commerce and Utility services etc.
As consequence, it hampered usual productivity during and after major floods and hence increased the vulnerability of the urban poor by many folds. It should be mentioned here that, around 40 per cent of the urban population in Bangladesh lives in the Slum and Squatter settlements of the major cities which are highly prone to Disaster risk during Flooding further.
In Bangladesh, Women are especially Vulnerable because of the Gender inequalities in the Socio- economic and Political institutions. During the Cyclone and Storm surge in Bangladesh, the death rate in case of women was almost five times higher than the men.
Because men were able to communicate with each other in the public spaces, but the information did not reach most of the women timely. Becoming Homeless - taking shelter in the roadside Unhygienic Squatters and Slums.
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Jump to Navigation. User menu Login Zoekveld Zoeken. Auteur: Anne-Katrien Denissen. Datum: Introduction: Bangladesh is one of the largest deltas in the world which is highly vulnerable to Natural Disasters because of its Geographical location, Flat and low-lying landscape, Population density, Poverty, Illiteracy, Lack of Institutional setup etc.
Sectoral Impacts Agriculture and Fisheries: As already mentioned earlier, the economy of Bangladesh is based on Agriculture mainly, with two thirds of the population engaged directly or indirectly on Agricultural activities; although the country is trying move towards industrialization slowly during the last one and a half decade almost.
Water Resources and Hydrology: In a high density country like Bangladesh, the effects of Climate Change on the Surface and Ground water resources will be very severe and alarming. Urban areas: Cities and Towns situated along the Coastal belt in Bangladesh are at the Front line of Climate Change related Disaster impacts and could experience a severe damage directly because of the Sea level Rise and Storm Surges at any time.
Conclusion: Dear Global Citizens With Best Regards — A. Rezaul Karim. Architect-City Planner Bangladesh. Bekijk ook:. VoiceOver website. NCDO was de organisatie voor kennis en advies over mondiaal burgerschap en internationale samenwerking.
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Changes in climate may have both beneficial and harmful effects on crop yields. However, the effects will be more in countries whose economy depends on agriculture. This study aims to measure the economic impacts of climate change on crop farming in Bangladesh. A Ricardian model was used to estimate the relationship between net crop income and climate variables. Historical climate data and farm household level data from all climatic zones of Bangladesh were collected for this purpose. A regression model was then developed of net crop income per hectare against long-term climate, household and farm variables.
Bangladesh is one of the largest deltas in the world which is highly vulnerable to Natural Disasters because of its Geographical location, Flat and low-lying landscape, Population density, Poverty, Illiteracy, Lack of Institutional setup etc. In other words, the Physical, Social as well as Economic conditions of Bangladesh are very typical to any of the most vulnerable countries to Natural Disasters in the world. The total land area is , sq. Bangladesh has got a population of around million with a life expectancy at birth of around 63 years, and an adult literacy rate of The recent Human Development Report ranks Bangladesh number of nations. Bangladesh is predominantly Agricultural with two thirds of the population engaged in farming or Agro-based industrial activity mainly.
Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Rahman Published Geography. This background paper was prepared for a workshop on Climate Change and Health in Bangladesh, held on 19—20 November in Dhaka.
Russell Kabir, Hafiz T. Bangladesh is considered one of the countries most at risk to the effects of climate change and its coastal area is most vulnerable. This study tries to explore the experiences of cyclones Sidr and Aila affected people living in the coastal areas of Bangladesh. Primary data collection was done using Focus Group Interview and then a thematic analysis approach was used for analysis. Three core themes emerged from the analysis and they are, firstly, impacts of climate change on the socioeconomic condition of the people, secondly, the impact on the health status of the population, and finally the impact on vulnerable people.
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