Causes Effects And Control Measures Of Soil Pollution Pdf
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Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies , usually as a result of human activities.
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Find out its causes and effects, but most importantly the solutions to control and prevent land pollution, and how you can contribute to reduce it. Land pollution is a heavy topic. With its direct impact on the environment and consequently on the health of humans, animals, and plants, soil pollution is a real problem that involves both political powers and citizens.
Soil is not a renewable resource. Its degradation can be rapid a few years or decades while it takes several thousands of years to form and regenerate. What causes land pollution, what are its effects and what are the possible solutions to prevent it?
The Solar Impulse Label is granted to innovative land pollution solutions that meet high standards of sustainability and profitability. Each solution goes through a strict assessment process performed by independent experts. An innovative new recyclate made from glass fiber reinforced thermoset waste. A novel technology turning agricultural waste to plant-based alternatives for replacing fossil-based plastics.
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Do you know an innovative company developing efficient solutions? Let our team know about them. Land pollution refers to all forms of pollution affecting any type of soil: agricultural, forestry, urban, etc. Soil pollution is a disruptive element for many biological resources and ecosystems. A soil is polluted when it contains an abnormal concentration of chemical compounds potentially dangerous to human health, plants or animals.
There are different types of land pollution :. Human activities are the main causes of land pollution:. Agricultural activities are one of the major sources of land pollution. The spreading of plant protection products such as pesticides and herbicides, as well as the emissions of livestock buildings and farms are at the origin of soil pollution, in particular by nitrogen and phosphates.
Because of deforestation and forest fires, soils lose their vegetation cover. The erosion process is thus accelerated, creating soil degradation as well as water pollution. Urbanization is another source of land degradation.
The artificialisation of soils can cause a rapid and consequent carbon depletion, which contributes to climate change. Besides, it fragments natural habitats, ecosystems and landscapes, affecting biodiversity. Mining waste is usually left behind in the form of spoil tips.
These pit heaps can contain a wide variety of toxic substances that then seep into the ground as a result of rain. This can have a big impact on the regeneration of the vegetation. Heavy industry often produces quantities of undesirable chemicals. If cleaning agents such as detergents are released irresponsibly, they can cause significant pollution on the ground.
Storage tanks can also be a major source of land pollution in case of leakage. We produce large quantities of household waste every year, many of which could and should be recycled or degrade naturally. Much of our waste is either incinerated - causing potential air pollution issues - or buried in landfills, causing soil pollution problems. Is land degradation only resulting from human activities? Natural disasters, such as drought, floods and volcanic eruptions, or technological events - like radioactive fallout following a nuclear test - also produce soil degradation.
Soil pollution can harm public health and animals, as well as the quality of groundwater and surface water. Its effects are of several kinds, namely deferred or immediate, but also direct or indirect. Contamination of groundwater, loss of topsoil, water nutrient enrichment and increased risk of wildfires because of the dry conditions created by the pollutants in the soil are among the consequences of land pollution.
As land pollution and soil erosion progress, animals are forced to shift habitats and adapt to new conditions. As a result, some species are at risk of extinction. The potential effects of soil contamination on human health include breathing disorders, birth defects, skin diseases, and cancer. How to solve land pollution? Environmental remediation consists of removing pollution from the soil, groundwater or surface water.
Bioremediation microbes and phytoremediation plants can be used to convert the pollutants into harmless products. These are natural solutions that need to be supported by in-depth actions. Green agriculture. Sustainable forest management. Conservation of the forests is key. Without the protection of the trees, the land becomes dry and starts to erode. Therefore, sustainable forestry or logging is crucial to saving the soil from pollution. Proper waste disposal. Be it for industrial or household waste, efficient waste disposal is one of the most effective ways of curbing land pollution.
This especially applies to toxic and hazardous waste disposal. Reducing the use of non-biodegradable products will lower plastic pollution and eventually have an impact on land pollution.
This is why it is very important to reuse and recycle every possible item. Education should also play a major role in efforts to protect the environment from land pollution. A label focused on both the environment and profitability. For the first time a label proves the economic profitability of solutions that protect the environment.
The Solar Impulse Foundation is selecting 1, solutions that protect the environment in a profitable way and awarding them the Solar Impulse Efficient Solutions Label. Collaborating with independent experts and with renowned institutions, the World Alliance proposes to evaluate its members solutions free of charge. The Solar Impulse Efficient Solutions label will offer a competitive edge to innovators and a guarantee of quality to solution seekers. Latest News View all.
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Topics we focus on. Solutions to land pollution How to improve soil quality? Learn More. Solutions Contribute Definition Causes Effects Solutions Land pollution solutions. Prototype in lab. Large market. Small market. Initial market. Browse Efficient Solutions. Contribute What can you do? Photo by Thomas Richter on Unsplash. Submit your solution As a company, you develop an efficient solution and you would like to get the Solar Impulse label Apply for the label.
Recommend a company Do you know an innovative company developing efficient solutions? Let our team know about them Drop us a Note. Photo by Alex Knickerbocker on Unsplash. Definition What is land pollution? Causes Land pollution Causes Human activities are the main causes of land pollution:. Photo by Erlend Ekseth on Unsplash. Agriculture Agricultural activities are one of the major sources of land pollution.
Photo by markusspiske on Pixabay. Deforestation Because of deforestation and forest fires, soils lose their vegetation cover.
Find out its causes and effects, but most importantly the solutions to control and prevent land pollution, and how you can contribute to reduce it. Land pollution is a heavy topic. With its direct impact on the environment and consequently on the health of humans, animals, and plants, soil pollution is a real problem that involves both political powers and citizens. Soil is not a renewable resource. Its degradation can be rapid a few years or decades while it takes several thousands of years to form and regenerate. What causes land pollution, what are its effects and what are the possible solutions to prevent it? The Solar Impulse Label is granted to innovative land pollution solutions that meet high standards of sustainability and profitability.
What is Soil Pollution?
Soil contamination refers to the destruction of land that could be used constructively by human activities, either directly or indirectly. Presently, , ha of UK land is thought to be contaminated by toxic elements such as lead and arsenic. The same goes for the other industrialized nations which are the worst hit. The developing countries are also steadily but surely moving toward this direction. This should be cause for great concern considering the devastating effects soil pollution brings to the environment.