Telangana Movement And State Formation Pdf
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- Telangana History 1948 to 2014
- Brief History of Telangana Movement for a Separate State (1948 – 2014) PDF
- Telangana Movement & State Formation by Kareem Sir - 2017 Class Notes - Telugu Medium - PDF
- Telangana History 1948 to 2014
Telangana History 1948 to 2014
Early events. The Telangana movement refers to a movement for the creation of a new state, Telangana , from the pre-existing state of Andhra Pradesh in India.
The new state corresponds to the Telugu -speaking portions of the erstwhile princely state of Hyderabad. After several years of protest and agitation, the central government, under the United Progressive Alliance , decided to bifurcate the existing Andhra Pradesh state and on 7 February , the Union Cabinet unilaterally cleared the bill for the creation of Telangana.
Lasting for almost a decade, this has been one of the most longlasting movements in South India. Subsequently, the bill was passed by the Rajya Sabha two days later, on 20 February.
On 2 June , Telangana was created. In December , the States Reorganisation Commission was appointed to prepare for the creations of states on linguistic lines. Paragraph of the SRC report said "The creation of Vishalandhra is an ideal to which numerous individuals and public bodies, both in Andhra and Telangana , have been passionately attached over a long period of time, and unless there are strong reasons to the contrary, this sentiment is entitled to consideration".
Discussing the case of Telangana, paragraph of the SRC report said "One of the principal causes of opposition of Vishalandhra also seems to be the apprehension felt by the educationally backward people of Telangana that they may be swamped and exploited by the more advanced people of the coastal areas who were swamped by people of Tamilnadu already".
In its final analysis SRC recommended against the immediate merger. In paragraph it said "After taking all these factors into consideration we have come to the conclusions that it will be in the interests of Andhra as well as Telangana, if for the present, the Telangana area is to constitute into a separate State, which may be known as the Hyderabad State with provision for its unification with Andhra after the general elections likely to be held in or about if by a two-thirds majority the legislature of the residuary Hyderabad State expresses itself in favor of such unification.
Telangana was the largest of the three regions of Andhra Pradesh state, covering It is inhabited by The following is the breakup of Andhra Pradesh's revenue by region: . Note: The income generated by the capital city of the erstwhile Andhra Pradesh is a complex issue with income being generated from all regions. This has caused a lot of confusion in region-wise income distribution. Also, after the bifurcation, companies will pay their portion of taxes to Telangana or present day Andhra Pradesh depending on where they operate.
Before the bifurcation, many companies were paid taxes to capital city Hyderabad for their operations in Seemandhra. Proponents of a separate Telangana state cite perceived injustices in the distribution of water, budget allocations, and jobs.
Within the state of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and non-coastal parts of Karnataka and Maharashtra states form Deccan Plateau. Telangana supporters state that The remaining 7. As per Volume-II of Krishna Water Dispute Tribunal Award, "The area which we are considering for irrigation formed part of Hyderabad State and had there been no division of that State, there were better chances for the residents of this area to get irrigation facilities in Mahboobnagar District.
We are of the opinion that this area should not be deprived of the benefit of irrigation on account of the reorganisation of States. The share of education funding for Telangana ranges from 9. The above numbers include the expenditure in Hyderabad. There are allegations that in most years, funds allocated to Telangana were never spent. Since , Andhra Pradesh government established 11 new medical colleges in the state.
Telangana was not compensated for lost opportunities because of inward migration of lot of students into Hyderabad from Seemandhra. According to the Backward Regions Grant Fund —10, 13 backward districts are located in Andhra Pradesh: nine all except Hyderabad are from Telangana and the rest are from other regions.
Proponents of a separate Telangana state feel that the agreements , plans , and assurances from the legislature and Lok Sabha over the last fifty years have not been honoured, and as a consequence Telangana has remained neglected, exploited, and backward. They allege that the experiment to remain as one state has proven to be a futile exercise and that separation is the best solution.
Note: The above content has been sourced from news articles and articles. It can only be regarded as opinions of a few people rather than solid facts. Most of the parties in the state changed their stand about Telangana statehood several times. Here are the stands taken by various parties in the state when the movement was at its peak between and Congress party, the ruling party at the centre, took its final decision to go ahead with creating the Telangana state in July After he formed the YSR Congress party, it adopted a neutral stand.
It, however, states that the real issue is to improve the lives of people irrespective of the formation of a separate state. If division is unavoidable, the party wants a separate state of Rayala-Telangana with Telangana and Rayalseema regions along with Hyderabad as capital.
They oppose Hyderabad being declared as a union territory. Social tensions arose due to influx of people from the Coastal Andhra region. Protests started with the hunger strike of a student from Khammam district for the implementation of safe-guards promised during the creation of Andhra Pradesh. The movement slowly manifested into a demand for a separate Telangana. Some students protested for "implementation of the safe guards from Andhra Pradesh" while some protested for a "Separate Telangana".
The local newspaper Indian Express reported that the latter group were dominant. Discussions about the promised safe-guards were held. The Telangana Regional Committee was, however, not fully convinced of the outcome. The transfers were eventually challenged in the high-court. The army had to be called in. After several days of talks with leaders of both regions, on 12 April , Prime minister put forth, an eight-point plan. Under the Mulki rules in force at the time, anyone who had lived in Hyderabad for 12 years was considered a local, and was thus eligible for certain government posts.
Telangana Praja Samithi was formed under the leadership of Pratap Kishore with the intention of leading the movement. The party however, split in November with the exit of dissident Congress leaders. On September, P. The movement lasted for days. The Supreme Court upheld the implementation of Mulki rules. The people from the Andhra region viewed the Mulki rules as "treating them like aliens in their own land".
It was agreed upon by the leaders of the two regions to prevent any recurrence of such agitations in the future. To avoid legal problems, constitution was amended 32nd amendment to give the legal sanctity to the Six-point formula. In , when Telangana employees complained about the violations to six-point formula, government enacted government order GO to correct the violations in recruitment. As Telangana people complained about the non-implementation of GO , in , the government formed the Girglani commission to look into violations.
In , the state unit of the BJP passed a resolution seeking a separate Telangana. This was rejected by then union home minister L. Advani citing that smaller states were neither viable nor conducive to the integrity of the country. Narendra rejecting a proposal to create Telangana state explaining that "regional disparities in economic development could be tackled through planning and efficient use of available resources".
He said that the NDA government, therefore, does "not propose creation of a separate state of Telangana"  However, in , Advani said that if their then partner TDP cooperated during NDA tenure, a separate state of Telangana could have been created.
For these elections, the Congress party and the TRS forged an electoral alliance in the Telangana region to consider the demand of separate Telangana State. In February the state government declared that it had no objection, in principle, to the formation of separate Telangana and that the time had come to move forward decisively on this issue.
To resolve related issues, the government constituted a joint house committee. In the elections TRS managed to win only 10 assembly seats out of the 45 it contested and only 2 MP seats. Some media analysts thought Telangana sentiment faded. Within few months of getting re-elected as popular CM, Y.
This resulted in a leadership crisis within the Congress party and also created a political vacuum in the state. Chandrashekar Rao KCR raised his pitch for the separate state. On 29 November , he started a fast-unto-death, demanding that the Congress party introduce a Telangana bill in Parliament. The state Congress and its ally Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen have left it to the Congress high command to take a final decision. Minutes of the meeting were faxed to Congress high command.
Chidambaram announced that the Indian government would start the process of forming a separate Telangana state, pending the introduction and passage of a separation resolution in the Andhra Pradesh assembly.
This resulted in protests across both Andhra and Rayalseema. Students, workers, lawyers and various organisations in the regions launched the Samaikyandhra Movement demanding that the state be kept united.
On 23 December, keeping in view the reactions of people of other regions, the Government of India announced that no action on Telangana will be taken until a consensus is reached by all parties and groups in the state.
On 3 February, the government appointed a five-member committee headed by Justice SriKrishna to look into the issue. Srikrishna toured all the regions of state extensively and invited people from all sections of the society to give their opinion on the statehood. It received over one lakh petitions and representations from political parties, organisations, NGOs and individuals. It also held consultations with political parties and general public while also factoring in the impact of recent developments on different sections of people such as women, children, students, minorities, Other Backward Classes, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.
On 16 December , two weeks before the deadline for the submission of the Srikrishna report, TRS organised a public meeting in Warangal. It was estimated that over 2. It was reported that even more would have attended, but were stranded due to traffic jams along roads leading to the city.
Chandrasekhar Rao appealed to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to note that the people of Telangana were losing patience. He demanded that the Centre introduce the Bill on Telangana in the next session of Parliament. Days before the Srikrishna committee submitted its report to the Central government, KCR declared that his party was ready to wash Sonia Gandhi 's feet if she agrees to the Telangana demand.
He said his party is associated with the movement and was willing to dissolve the party if the state was formed. The committee opined that most regions of Telangana excluding Hyderabad were either "on par or a shade lower" than Coastal Andhra. When Hyderabad is included, Telangana fared better. The most backward of all regions was in fact Rayalaseema.
The committee, however, agreed with the violations of GO
Brief History of Telangana Movement for a Separate State (1948 – 2014) PDF
Quick to Memorize. Milestones in Telangana Freedom Movement Andhra state carved out from Monday in , November 1st, Kurnool was the capital. Andhra Pradesh Assembly paved a resolution on November 25th, promising to safeguard the interest of Telangana. Andhra Pradesh Formation day.
Developmental history suggests that the foundation laid when a new state or country is formed determines to a significant extent its developmental trajectory. Though five years is too short a period in the history of any State or the country, Telangana has been firing on all the cylinders despite all odds and forging ahead with long strides, thus becoming a trailblazer for other States. Towards Golden Telangana is a report that provides information on all the important schemes, projects and initiatives embarked upon by the State of Telangana under the leadership of Chief Minister Sri K. Chandrashekar Rao. The report also talks about milestones achieved in various sectors like education, agriculture, power generation, women empowerment and irrigation. The socio-economic progress of Telangana continues to firm-up in the last three and a half years of its journey.
Telangana Movement & State Formation by Kareem Sir - 2017 Class Notes - Telugu Medium - PDF
Telangana employees complained because of injustice in the government Department. Free delivery on qualified orders. The culture of Telangana is the mixture of traditional Telugu culture and the Persian tradition that comes from Mughals and the Nizams of Hyderabad. The culture of Telangana is closely interlinked with the culture of Andhra Pradesh, as the state Telangana is formed in the year
Early events. The Telangana movement refers to a movement for the creation of a new state, Telangana , from the pre-existing state of Andhra Pradesh in India. The new state corresponds to the Telugu -speaking portions of the erstwhile princely state of Hyderabad. After several years of protest and agitation, the central government, under the United Progressive Alliance , decided to bifurcate the existing Andhra Pradesh state and on 7 February , the Union Cabinet unilaterally cleared the bill for the creation of Telangana. Lasting for almost a decade, this has been one of the most longlasting movements in South India.
Telangana History 1948 to 2014
Сьюзан была согласна с этим, но в то же время прекрасно понимала: Фонд электронных границ никогда не узнает, насколько важен и нужен ТРАНСТЕКСТ. Эта машина помогла предотвратить десятки преступлений, но связанная с ней информация строго засекречена и никогда не будет раскрыта. Причина такой секретности проста: правительство не может допустить массовой истерии. Никто не знает, как поведет себя общество, узнав, что группы фундаменталистов дважды за прошлый год угрожали ядерным объектам, расположенным на территории США. Ядерное нападение было, однако, не единственной угрозой.
Не может быть, что служба уже закончилась. Это невозможно. Да мы только вошли. Но, увидев прислужника в конце ряда и два людских потока, движущихся по центральному проходу к алтарю, Беккер понял, что происходит. Причастие.
Черт возьми, - подумал Бринкерхофф, разглядывая ее серое кашемировое платье, - или я старею, или она молодеет. - Еженедельные отчеты. - Мидж улыбнулась, помахивая пачкой документов. - Вам нужно проверить, как это выглядит. Бринкерхофф окинул взглядом ее фигуру. - Отсюда выглядит просто отлично.
Лампочки в конце коридора не горели, и на протяжении последних двадцати метров можно было различать только смутные силуэты. Женщина с кровотечением… плачущая молодая пара… молящаяся маленькая девочка. Наконец Беккер дошел до конца темного коридора и толкнул чуть приоткрытую дверь слева. Комната была пуста, если не считать старой изможденной женщины на койке, пытавшейся подсунуть под себя судно. Хорошенькое зрелище, - подумал Беккер. - Где, черт возьми, регистратура.
Больше ждать он не мог: глаза горели огнем, нужно было промыть их водой. Стратмор подождет минуту-другую. Полуслепой, он направился в туалетную комнату. Смутные очертания тележки все еще виднелись у двери в мужской туалет, поэтому Беккер снова подошел к дамской комнате. Ему показалось, что внутри звучали какие-то голоса. Он постучал.
Он мечтал о ней по ночам, плакал о ней во сне. Он ничего не мог с собой поделать. Она была блистательна и прекрасна, равной ей он не мог себе даже представить. Его жена долго терпела, но, увидев Сьюзан, потеряла последнюю надежду. Бев Стратмор никогда его ни в чем не обвиняла. Она превозмогала боль сколько могла, но ее силы иссякли.