An Introduction To Community And Public Health Pdf
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- An Introduction to Community & Public Health 9th Edition
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- Community health
- An Introduction to Community Engagement in WASH
An Introduction to Community & Public Health 9th Edition
Community health is a branch of public health which focuses on people and their role as determinants of their own and other people's health in contrast to environmental health , which focuses on the physical environment and its impact on people's health. Community health is a major field of study within the medical and clinical sciences which focuses on the maintenance, protection, and improvement of the health status of population groups and communities. It is a distinct field of study that may be taught within a separate school of public health or environmental health. The WHO defines community health as:. Medical interventions that occur in communities can be classified as three categories: primary care , secondary care , and tertiary care. Each category focuses on a different level and approach towards the community or population group.
The humanitarian sector has been strengthening its focus on and commitment to community-centred responses in recent years. This guide aims to provide field staff with clear, accessible guidance on the principles and practice of community engagement in WASH programmes. The content has been field tested in a variety of contexts. The principles and approaches described here are relevant in other programmes and sectors too, but the target audience for this guide is WASH staff in humanitarian programmes — especially those responsible for designing, implementing and monitoring public health promotion activities. It will also be relevant for managers, public health engineers and decision makers interested in promoting good quality outcomes in WASH programmes by ensuring that communities affected by crisis are at the centre of the response.
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Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. In communities, health is a product of many factors, and many segments of the community have the potential to contribute to and share responsibility for its protection and improvement. Changes in public policy, in public- and private-sector roles in health and health care, and in public expectations are presenting opportunities and challenges for communities addressing both the overall health status of the population and more specific health issues. Performance monitoring can be used as a tool to assess activities in many sectors and to promote collaboration and accountability in working toward better health for the whole community, especially within the framework of a community-based health improvement process. This report from the Institute of Medicine IOM Committee on Using Performance Monitoring to Improve Community Health outlines the elements of an ongoing and evolving health improvement process, discusses the role that performance monitoring can play, and offers tools to help communities develop and use performance indicators.
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An Introduction to Community Engagement in WASH
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The technology necessary for effective, innovative application of information technology to public health practice is available today at very reasonable costs. The barrier to the widespread application of such technology is that few public health professionals have received any formal training in informatics, and most lack even a basic understanding of the nature and purpose of informatics as a discipline. Although the discipline of public health informatics has much in common with other informatics specialty areas, it differs from them in several ways. These include 1 a focus on applications of information science and technology that promote the health of populations, rather than of individuals; 2 a focus on disease prevention, rather than treatment; 3 a focus on preventive intervention at all vulnerable points in the causal chains leading to disease, injury, or disability; and 4 operation within a governmental, rather than a private, context. Drivers of change forcing public health professionals to be conversant with the development, use, and strategic importance of computerized health information systems include public health reform, the growth in managed care, and the information technology revolution.
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Edited by Anna C. Mastroianni, Jeffrey P. Kahn, and Nancy E. Kass
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Public health is fundamentally concerned with promoting the health of populations through the prevention of disease and injury. It is, at its core, a moral endeavor, because the end it seeks is the advancement of human well-being. Vexing ethics issues are inherent in all aspects of public health practice and policy.
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