Introduction To Precision Machine Design And Error Assessment Pdf

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Reaching ultrahigh precision within the manufacture of extraordinarily small units opens up prospects in a number of various and futuristic fields akin to huge computing energy, biomedical units, world private communication units, and high-resolution optical units. Precision engineering is a multidisciplinary discipline that features machine device design, supplies, machining processes with novel manufacturing strategies, metrology, sensors and actuators, microsystems, biomedical functions, and different related fields. With the present development towards highest precision micromachining and meeting programs based mostly on steady miniaturization and useful integration of merchandise, software areas with huge market progress are prolonged to automotive items, optoelectronics, biomedicine, microchemistry, and shopper items.

Introduction to Precision Machine Design and Error Assessment by Samir Mekid

Computer Techniques in Vibration Clarence W. Datta and Arvind H. Shah Elastoplasticity Theor y Vlado A. Klebanov, David M. Barlam, and Frederic E. Kaw Mechanics of Fatigue Vladimir V.

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Trademark Notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and are used only for identification and explanation without intent to infringe. Chapter 1 Introduction to Precision Engineering Chapter 2 Motion Errors Chapter 5 Introduction to Parallel Kinematic Machines Chapter 6 Precision Control Chapter 7 Actuators, Transmission, and Sensors High-precision manufacturing not only offers quality and reliability for conventional products but also opens windows to entirely new products at the standard, meso-, and microscale with new features such as mechatronics, high density function, and high performance.

Precision engineering involves development at the forefront of current technology. Current advanced technology products are dependent on high-precision manufacturing processes, machines, control technologies, and even nanotechnology. Achieving ultrahigh precision in the manufacture of extremely small devices opens up prospects in several diverse and futuristic fields such as massive computing power, biomedical devices, global personal communication devices, and high-resolution optical devices.

Precision engineering is a multidisciplinary field that includes machine tool design, materials, machining processes with novel manufacturing methods, metrology, sensors and actuators, microsystems, biomedical applications, and other relevant fields.

Precision engineering requires an in-depth understanding of most physical phenomena within the previous disciplines and their effects at the micro- and nanoscale. With the current trend toward highest precision micromachining and assembly systems based on continuous miniaturization and functional integration of products, application areas with enormous market growth are extended to automotive goods, optoelectronics, biomedicine, microchemistry, and consumer goods. Microelectronics needs mechanical interfaces, electrical and optical connections with smaller geometries, and structures and tolerances down to nanometers.

This book is a result of several years of teaching the various topics that have been covered. It has been written to meet the growing need of mechanical engineers, and others, to understand design process issues with a particular focus on most errors associated with precision design, machine diagnostics, error modeling, and compensation.

This book is necessary as it carries complementary information to existing books on precision machine design. The various chapters have been written by contributors who are international experts in their respective fields. This book is designed to cover key topics for any course in precision machine design. It covers precision machine design principles and related physical aspects, strategies of design for various kinematics concepts and scales, and gives an introduction to most types of errors.

This book consists of eight chapters treating specific topics. The content is suitable for students at level 3 and who are pursuing masters in mechanical and aerospace engineering.

The topics presented in this book are as follows:. Chapter 1 is a brief introduction to precision engineering and applications. Chapter 2 introduces error measurements with fundamental definitions for measurement characterization and error clas- sification. An example of numerical-controlled machine error assessment is discussed in great detail. Chapter 3 is concerned with an in-depth discussion of thermal error sources and transfer, modeling and simulation, compensation, and machine tool diagnostics.

Chapter 4 introduces prin- ciples and strategies to design standard-size precision machines. Techniques are extended to preci- sion micromachines. A number of second-order phenomena that may affect precision are discussed.

This chapter presents description of several case studies. Chapter 5 considers parallel kinematic machines and techniques of design and modeling of workspace and its corresponding dexterity. Chapter 6 is concerned with the precision control techniques covering linear systems and nonlinear aspects. It includes fundamentals of motion control and control design strategies. Several case stud- ies are discussed at the end of the chapter.

Chapter 7 introduces various types of drives, actuators, and sensors required for machines along with several examples. Chapter 8 presents position error compensation modeling, measurements using laser interferometry, and examples and programs for different types of numerical controllers. Samir Mekid. Denkena IFW, Hannover for their comments and for some pictures published in this book. Jedrzejewski would like to express his gratitude to his colleagues: K.

Buchman, W. Kwasny, Z. Kowal, W. Modrzycki, and Z. Tan would like to express his thanks to Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology and National University of Singapore for their support for our parts of the work.

Wang would like to thank Optodyne for the general support and O. He is currently an associate professor and leads a research team in precision engineering, metrology, and instrumen- tation. He has gained substantial experience in multidisciplinary research activities. His commitment to industrially collaborative research is supported by public grants including EU funding, e. Mekid has designed and manufactured a number of ultrahigh precision mechanical systems dedicated for long and short strokes such as optical delay line for very large telescopes required by the European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere ESO , and linear slides and micromachines with nanometer positioning and low levels of vibration.

He has developed a number of sensors for in-process measurements, mesoscale inspections, and wireless MEMS measurements. He also has a great interest in teaching and learning and has been conferred the award of the Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practice. He has also won several teaching and research awards.

Singapore Compton, California. His research interests include error compensation of high-precision machine, adaptive control, neural network control, and automated vehicle control. Jerzy Jedrzejewski is a full professor at Wroclaw University of Technology, past vice president. He has been nominated for the Japan Prize. He is a member of the editorial committee of a number of national and foreign scientific journals.

Tan Kok Kiong received his PhD in He is currently an associate professor with NUS and his current research interests are in precision motion control and instrumentation, advanced process control and autotuning, and general industrial automation.

He has produced more than journal papers to date and has written 5 books, all resulting from research in these areas. His research interests include high-precision actuation, piezoelectricity, self-sensing actuation, mechatronic designs, and semiconductor. Charles Wang is president of Optodyne, Inc. He has received eight patents and inven- tion awards. He was an adjunct professor at the University of California, San Diego, and taught advanced fluid mechanics, laser development, and applications.

He has carried out research work on laser development and application and has more than pub- lications. He is a fellow of Optical Society of America, an associate fellow of American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, and a member of many professional and honorary societies. An attitude wherein there is no such thing as randomness, all effects have a deterministic cause.

Abul Wafa Al-Buzjani AD was probably the first to show the generality of sine theorem relative to spherical triangles. He gave a new method of constructing sine tables, the value of sine 30, for example, being correct to the eighth decimal place converted to decimal notation. Ghiyahth al-Kashi early fifteenth century figured the value of pi to the sixteenth decimal place. He also had an algorithm for computing the nth root. The first diffraction grating was made around by Philadelphia inventor David Rittenhouse, who strung hairs between two finely threaded screws.

The first lathes and many other machine tools are rooted in watches and clocks making. The recent development of ultraprecision machines is reaching subnanometer precision under much specified conditions.

The ultrahigh precision machines such as the molecular measuring machine, diamond cutting machines, and very large telescope VLT interferometers are designed under very tight specifications. Table 1. TABLE 1. The achievement of ultrahigh precision requires extremely advanced technologies and the highest skill level. The development goes beyond known concepts to intelligent systems where a variety of functions are embedded within one machine.

Moreover, to achieve multi-machining processes, reconfigurability is added as a new concept for future machines. These aspects are discussed later in this chapter.

Grinding Nonferrous hard metal ceramic Laser machining glass 0 Silicon polymer. Silicon etching 0.

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The development of precision engineering has greatly increased our living standards. High-precision manufacturing not only offers quality and reliability for conventional products but also opens windows to entirely new products at the standard, meso-, and microscale with new features such as mechatronics, high density function, and high performance. Precision engineering involves development at the forefront of current technology. Current advanced technology products are dependent on high-precision manufacturing processes, machines, control technologies, and even nanotechnology. Achieving ultrahigh precision in the manufacture of extremely small devices opens up prospects in several diverse and futuristic fi elds such as massive computing power, biomedical devices, global personal communication devices, and high-resolution optical devices. Precision engineering is a multidisciplinary fi eld that includes machine tool design, materials, machining processes with novel manufacturing methods, metrology, sensors and actuators, microsystems, biomedical applications, and other relevant fi elds. Precision engineering requires an in-depth understanding of most physical phenomena within the previous disciplines and their effects at the micro- and nanoscale.

Ultra-precision machine tool is the most important physical tool to machining the workpiece with the frequency domain error requirement, in the design process of which the dynamic accuracy design DAD is indispensable and the related research is rarely available. In light of above reasons, a DAD method of ultra-precision machine tool is proposed in this paper, which is based on the frequency domain error allocation. The basic procedure and enabling knowledge of the DAD method is introduced. The application case of DAD method in the ultra-precision flycutting machine tool for KDP crystal machining is described to show the procedure detailedly. In this case, the KDP workpiece surface has the requirements in four different spatial frequency bands, and the emphasis for this study is put on the middle-frequency band with the PSD specifications. The results of the application case basically show the feasibility of the proposed DAD method.

Computer Techniques in Vibration Clarence W. Datta and Arvind H. Shah Elastoplasticity Theor y Vlado A. Klebanov, David M. Barlam, and Frederic E.


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Dynamic Accuracy Design Method of Ultra-precision Machine Tool

Motor Vehicle Mechanic's Textbook. Picture of the book : 3…. Electrical Installation Work. Automotive Electrical Handbook.

Introduction to Precision Machine Design and Error Assessment By Samir Mekid

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The system can't perform the operation now. Try again later. Citations per year. Duplicate citations. The following articles are merged in Scholar. Their combined citations are counted only for the first article. Merged citations.

Atia E. Parametric variation: Null subjects in minimalist theory 1, 57 , International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture 40 7 , , International Journal of Precision Technology 1 , , Introduction: Parameters in minimalist theory I Roberts, A Holmberg Parametric variation: Null subjects in minimalist theory 1, 57 , High precision linear slide. Propagation of uncertainty: Expressions of second and third order uncertainty with third and fourth moments S Mekid, D Vaja Measurement 41 6 , ,


While ultra-precision machines are now achieving sub-nanometer accuracy, unique challenges continue to arise due to their tight.


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Introduction to Precision Machine Design and Error Assessment by Samir Mekid

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