Communicable Diseases And Their Prevention Pdf
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A communicable disease is a disease that spreads from one person or animal to another. Pathogens such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi cause these diseases. A communicable disease is any disease that passes between people or animals.
List of Communicable Diseases
The cooperation of school personnel, health department, physicians, parents and students is essential. Ongoing health education relating to disease prevention, hygiene measures for students, families and school personnel. Communicable disease transmission is a dynamic process. The process is dependent on the following:. Interaction of the agent microorganism the host person , and the environment conditions present. A microorganism of sufficient strength virulence b. A person who is susceptible lowered immunity c.
Communicable diseases spread from one person to another or from an animal to a person. The spread often happens via airborne viruses or bacteria, but also through blood or other bodily fluid. The terms infectious and contagious are also used to describe communicable disease. In this section, learn about coordinated efforts to combat a few of the most serious communicable diseases on a global level. It is peak season for the common flu influenza , and there are important steps you can take to prevent illness, including getting an annual flu shot , washing your hands frequently, and not touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands. If you traveled to Wuhan, Hubei Province, China within the last 14 days AND have symptoms of fever, cough, and shortness of breath, please call the IU Health Center or your primary health care provider before seeking evaluation or treatment and inform them of your symptoms and recent travel.
The novel coronavirus. Preventing and controlling the spread of disease is at the heart of much public health work. From the coronavirus-cased COVID to influenza, Lyme disease malaria and Ebola, outbreaks of infectious diseases can have an extraordinary impact on human health. From The Nation's Health : Public health making progress in eliminating infectious diseases. There are many ways to prevent the spread of disease. Vaccinations have helped eliminate or greatly reduced disease threats. Kids , teens and adults should all be protected and stay up to date with their recommended immunizations.
Jump to navigation Skip to main content. When children and teens are together in group settings such as schools, child care facilities, camps, and sporting activities, some disease-causing germs are easily spread among them. Communicable diseases are those diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, and protozoa that are passed from one person to another. It is important to recognize when someone in a group setting is sick with a communicable disease so steps can be taken to obtain medical care and prevent the spread of disease to others. The complete wall chart is a color-coded, quick disease reference for those responsible for the care of children and teens in group settings. The wall chart has been divided into six categories, as shown below, of the most common communicable diseases affecting children. The category charts include how the diseases are spread, incubation period time of exposure to symptoms , signs and symptoms, time period when person is contagious, and criteria for exclusion from school or group.
A non-communicable disease NCD is a disease that is not transmissible directly from one person to another. NCDs include Parkinson's disease , autoimmune diseases , strokes , most heart diseases , most cancers , diabetes , chronic kidney disease , osteoarthritis , osteoporosis , Alzheimer's disease , cataracts , and others. NCDs may be chronic or acute.
Oxford University Press makes no representation, express or implied, that the drug dosages in this book are correct. Readers must therefore always check the product information and clinical procedures with the most up to date published product information and data sheets provided by the manufacturers and the most recent codes of conduct and safety regulations. The authors and the publishers do not accept responsibility or legal liability for any errors in the text or for the misuse or misapplication of material in this work.
Food and Drug Recalls. Local health departments are required to report some 80 communicable diseases to the California Department of Public Health as part of the disease surveillance and investigation efforts. The diseases below are among them.
More communicable disease resources
A scan of health challenges around the globe readily brings to mind a range of infectious illnesses, from HIV to influenza. Yet chronic non-contagious conditions--heart disease, asthma, diabetes, cancer--are more prevalent, and their rates soaring, across the developed and developing worlds. The Global Handbook on Noncommunicable Diseases and Health Promotion is an important resource for understanding and approaching chronic illnesses and their prevention. This timely text balances theory and strategies to provide an integrative context for health-affecting behaviors regarding tobacco use, food choices, and physical activity. Possible roles for hospitals, the workplace, government agencies, NGOs, and other institutions are analyzed, as is the potential for addressing larger underlying health factors e. Topics covered include:. As the authors of the Global Handbook on Noncommunicable Diseases and Health Promotion make abundantly clear, opportunities are as numerous as the issues, and researchers and graduate students in global public health, health promotion, and chronic disease epidemiology will find these chapters positive and realistic.
In the first study session, you learned about the basic concepts in the transmission of communicable diseases. The knowledge you gained will help you to understand this study session because they are interlinked. In the first section, you will learn about the different ways of classifying communicable diseases. Following classification you will learn the approaches in prevention and control of communicable disease. This will help you in identifying appropriate measures for the prevention and control of communicable diseases that you, as a Health Extension Practitioner, and other health workers will put into place in your community.
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